Cairo Attractions

Experience the beauty and intrigue of Cairo - a city whose rich history is etched in every corner. This offers a distinctive look into Cairo's main attractions, including its remarkable museums. Here, you can immerse yourself in the captivating world of ancient Egypt, unravelling the mysteries of the pharaohs. Visit Coptic Cairo, home to some of the oldest Christian communities in the world, and marvel at its symbolic architecture. Lastly, the guide highlights the grandeur of Islamic Cairo, unveiling its illustrious past through its magnificent architecture and profound religious significance.

Citadel Of Salah El Din

Citadel of Salah El Din The Citadel of Salah El Din in Cairo is an impressive historical site located on a hill in the southern part of Islamic Cairo. It is also known as the Citadel of Saladin, named after the renowned Muslim leader Salah El Din. The citadel was built during the medieval period as a defensive fortification and served as the seat of power in Egypt for many centuries. One of the prominent structures within the Citadel is the Mohamed Ali Mosque, also known as the Alabaster Mosque. It was commissioned by Muhammad Ali Pasha, an Ottoman governor of Egypt, in the early 19th century. The mosque was built between 1830 and 1848 and is a beautiful example of Ottoman architecture in Egypt. It is situated at the highest point of the Citadel and its distinctive feature is its large central dome and two towering minarets. The Mohamed Ali Mosque is not only a religious site but also a significant historical and cultural landmark. Inside the mosque, visitors can admire the elegant marble work, intricate detailing, and impressive stained glass windows. The mosque is dedicated to Muhammad Ali Pasha himself and also houses his tomb, which was transferred to the mosque in 18572. Exploring the Citadel of Salah El Din and the Mohamed Ali Mosque offers visitors a glimpse into Egypt's rich history and architectural heritage. The commanding view of Cairo from the Citadel makes it a popular destination for both tourists and locals alike.

Al-Rifa’i Mosque

Al-Rifa’i Mosque Al-Rifa’i Mosque is a mosque located in Cairo, Egypt. The mosque was built in the 19th century, and it was constructed on the site of a Fatimid mosque that was dedicated to the tomb of Ali, the grandson of Imam Ahmad al-Rifa’i. The mosque was built in a period that lasted for 43 years, and it combines different Islamic architectural styles. Today, it serves as a royal mausoleum, which houses the tombs of the Muhammad Ali dynasty, the Shah of Iran, and other dignitaries. The mosque is located in the Citadel Square, opposite the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan, and it rivals it in size and grandeur.

El Sultan Hassan Mosque

El Sultan Hassan Mosque El Sultan Hassan Mosque, also known as the Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan, is a historical mosque located in Cairo, Egypt[1]. The construction of the mosque was started in 1356 CE, during the Mamluk era, and it was completed in 1363 CE. The mosque complex includes a madrasa, which was a center of learning that taught Islamic law, theology, and other subjects. It is considered one of the masterpieces of Islamic architecture due to its impressive size, intricate details, and geometric patterns. The Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan is known for its harmonious symmetry and impressive size, and it is considered one of the most important architectural landmarks in Cairo.

Amr ibn Al-A'as Mosque

Amr ibn Al-A'as Mosque The Amr ibn Al-A'as Mosque, also known as the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As or Masjid Ahl ar-Rayah, holds great historical significance as it is the oldest surviving mosque in Egypt and Africa. It was built in the 7th century AD by General Amr ibn al-As, the commander of the Muslim army, after the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641 AD[^5]. The mosque played a vital role in the foundation of Fustat, the first Islamic capital of Egypt, which eventually developed into present-day Cairo. The Amr ibn Al-A'as Mosque is a symbol of Egypt's rich history and Islamic architecture. It has undergone various renovations and expansions throughout the centuries but still retains its original essence and character. Visitors to the mosque can admire its simple yet elegant design, with whitewashed walls, arches, and a spacious courtyard. The mosque holds a significant place in the hearts of Egyptians, symbolizing the spread of Islam in Egypt and the establishment of a new era. It is not only a place of worship but also a historical landmark that attracts tourists from around the world interested in exploring the roots of Islamic civilization in Egypt.


KHAN KHALILI BAZAAR The Khan El-Khalili Bazaar is a famous open-air market located in the historic center of Cairo, Egypt. It is one of the oldest and most vibrant markets in the Middle East, with a rich history that dates back to the 14th century. The bazaar is named after Emir Jarkas El-Khalili, a prominent custodian of Cairo during the Mamluk period. The Khan El-Khalili Bazaar is renowned for its bustling atmosphere and diverse range of shops, selling everything from traditional crafts and textiles to jewelry, spices, and souvenirs. It is a vibrant hub for locals and tourists alike, offering a vibrant sensory experience with its vibrant colors, fragrant smells of spices, and the sound of merchants calling out their wares. In addition to shopping, the Khan El-Khalili Bazaar is also a great place to immerse yourself in the local culture. You can enjoy traditional Egyptian street food at the various cafes and restaurants, and even try your hand at haggling with the shopkeepers to get a good deal. The bazaar is also surrounded by several significant landmarks, including the Hussein Mosque and the Al-Azhar Mosque, making it an ideal location for exploring Cairo's rich historical and cultural heritage. Visiting the Khan El-Khalili Bazaar is a must-do experience for anyone visiting Cairo, as it offers a glimpse into the traditional way of life and allows you to take home unique souvenirs and memories of your time in Egypt.

Church of Abu-Serga

Church of Abu-Serga Abu Serga, also known as Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church, is a significant historical and religious site located in Old Cairo, Egypt. It is believed to have been built on the spot where the Holy Family, consisting of Joseph, Mary, and the infant Jesus Christ, rested during their journey into Egypt. According to tradition, they may have lived here while Joseph worked at the nearby fortress. The church is of great importance and holds a special place in the hearts of Egyptians and Christians worldwide. It is considered one of the oldest churches in Egypt, with a history that dates back to the early centuries of Christianity. Abu Serga Church is built over the site of a cave where the Holy Family is said to have sought refuge during their time in the area. It is a basilican-style church supported by two lines of colonnades. Inside the church, visitors can explore the cavern where the Holy Family rested, as well as see the well they drank from and the stone upon which baby Jesus slept. The church houses various relics and ancient artifacts that were discovered during archaeological excavations, adding to its historical significance. Abu Serga Church is one of the must-visit attractions in Cairo for those interested in exploring the journey of the Holy Family and experiencing Egypt's rich religious history. Its location in Old Cairo provides an opportunity to immerse oneself in the vibrant atmosphere of the city and discover other nearby historical sites and landmarks.

Saint Barbara Church

Saint Barbara Church the Saint Barbara Church Complex refers to the Coptic Orthodox Church of St. Barbara located in Coptic Cairo. This church is one of the many famous Coptic Orthodox parishes in the district of Coptic Cairo and is situated on the eastern part of the Babylon Fortress. It is considered one of the oldest buildings in Cairo, dating back to the 5th or 6th century AD. The Saint Barbara Church Complex is known for its historical significance and is a popular attraction for tourists. It is often visited as part of cultural day tours that also include the Egyptian Museum and other Christian sites in Egypt.

The Hanging Church

The Hanging Church The Hanging Church, officially known as the Church of the Virgin Mary, is a significant landmark located in Coptic Cairo, Egypt. It gets its name from the fact that its nave is suspended over a passageway, as the church is built atop the southern gatehouse of the Roman-built Babylon Fortress. The church is the most important and oldest church in Egypt, attracting both Coptic Christians and tourists. The Hanging Church's historical significance and architectural beauty make it a popular attraction. It has a wooden roof shaped like Noah's ark and is known for its religious ceremonies and important elections, as it served as the residence of the Coptic Patriarch from the 7th to the 13th century.

Synagogue Ben Ezra

Synagogue Ben Ezra The Ben Ezra Synagogue, also known as the El-Geniza Synagogue or the Synagogue of the Levantines, is located in the Fustat part of Old Cairo, Egypt. According to local folklore, it is said to be situated on the site where baby Moses was found. The synagogue has a rich history and is considered one of the oldest synagogues in the world. Originally built as a church in the 8th century, the building was later converted into a synagogue in 882 CE by Abraham Ben Ezra, a Karaite Jewish merchant. The synagogue has undergone various renovations and restorations throughout its history. In recent years, it has been the focus of a decade-long restoration project and was reopened to the public in 2023. The Ben Ezra Synagogue is of significant historical and cultural importance. It is particularly known for the discovery of the Cairo Genizah, a collection of Jewish religious texts and documents that were found in the synagogue's storeroom in the 19th century. The texts provide valuable insights into Jewish history, traditions, and everyday life during the medieval period.

Baron Empain Palace

Baron Empain Palace The Baron Empain Palace, also known as the Heliopolis Palace, is a historical mansion located in Heliopolis, Egypt. It was built by Belgian industrialist Baron Édouard Empain between 1907 and 1911. The palace was designed by French architect Alexandre Marcel and drew inspiration from Hindu architecture, specifically the temples of North India. The unique and innovative design of the palace makes it a prominent landmark in Cairo. Baron Empain, the founder of the palace, was a Belgian businessman who came to Egypt in the late 19th century and fell in love with the country[3]. He made significant economic contributions and was awarded the title of "Baron" by the King of Belgium. The Baron Empain Palace stands as a testament to his love for Egypt and his architectural vision. The palace has an intriguing history and is even rumored to be haunted, which has made it a popular destination for ghost tourism. In recent years, the palace has undergone restoration efforts to preserve its historical significance and open it to the public. The renovation project aimed to restore the palace's original grandeur and showcase its architectural beauty.


ABDEEN PALACE The Abdeen Palace is a historic palace located in Cairo, Egypt. It was originally built as a royal residence for the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan in the 19th century. The construction of the palace started in 1863 and was completed in 1874. The palace is named after the district of Abdeen where it is situated. It has served multiple purposes throughout history, including being the primary residence for Egypt's royal family and later as a presidential palace. The architectural style of the Abdeen Palace is a blend of European Neo-classical and Islamic influences. The palace features beautiful gardens and a vast complex of buildings, including a museum, various halls, and residential quarters. It has witnessed many significant historical events, including royal ceremonies, political meetings, and diplomatic functions. The palace has also served as a venue for important state events and receptions. Today, the Abdeen Palace is a popular tourist attraction and houses the Abdeen Palace Museum. The museum showcases an extensive collection of historical artifacts, including furniture, artwork, and royal memorabilia, giving visitors a glimpse into Egypt's rich history and heritage.

Prince Mohamed Ali Palace (Al Manial Palace)

Prince Mohamed Ali Palace (Al Manial Palace) The Prince Mohamed Ali Palace, also known as Al Manial Palace, is a historic palace and museum located in Cairo, Egypt. It was constructed between 1899 and 1929 for Prince Mohamed Ali Tewfik, who was the first cousin of King Faruq and the younger brother of Khedive Abbas II Hilmi. The palace complex consists of six structures, including the prince's residence, a hunting museum belonging to King Farouk, and a beautiful garden[3][4]. The architectural style of the palace is a combination of European and Islamic influences, with intricate details and design elements. Today, the Prince Mohamed Ali Palace is open to the public as the Manial Palace Museum. The museum is notable for its collection, which showcases an important period in the history of modern Egypt. It exhibits a wide range of artifacts, including furniture, artwork, textiles, and religious objects. The museum's architectural design is also noteworthy, as it reflects a modern Islamic style fused with Persian and Mamluk elements. Visitors can explore the various rooms and halls of the palace, as well as stroll through the picturesque gardens that surround the complex.

Cairo tower

Cairo tower Cairo Tower, also known as Borg Al-Qahira, is a free-standing tower located in the Gezira district of the Egyptian capital. It stands on Gezira Island in the middle of the River Nile and is recognized as Cairo's most prominent modern monument. With a height of 614 feet (187 meters), it is the tallest structure in Egypt and North Africa. The tower, resembling a stylized lotus plant with its latticework casing, was built in 1961 and has become one of Cairo's most famous landmarks. Visitors to Cairo Tower can enjoy a panoramic view of the city, including iconic sights such as the Pyramids, Sphinx, and the Nile. The tower offers a breathtaking vantage point from which to appreciate the architectural and historical beauty of Cairo. Since its construction, Cairo Tower has become an important symbol of the city, reflecting its modernization and progress. It has also become a popular tourist destination, welcoming visitors who want to experience the panoramic views and learn more about Cairo's history and culture

The Egyptian Museum of antiquities

The Egyptian Museum of antiquities Explore the wonders of the past at the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities. Once you walk through its doors, be ready to delve into stories spanning millennia, depicted through the stunning collection of mummies, sarcophagi, amulets, and countless other treasures. The crown jewel is undoubtedly the collection from the Tomb of Tutankhamun, displaying the splendors of the royal afterlife. Get up close and personal with the tapestry of a civilization that still captivates us today. This isn't just a journey back in time; it's an unforgettable journey into the heart of ancient Egypt.


NATIONAL MUSEUM OF EGYPTIAN CIVILIZATION Experience the extraordinary tale of Egypt’s ancient past at the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization. Situated in the heart of Cairo, the museum is a celebration of Egypt’s distinct cultural legacy. Boasting an exhaustive collection of artifacts spanning several millennia, it paints a vivid picture of the evolution of Egyptian civilization. The artistry and wisdom of past epochs come alive through intriguing exhibits, inviting you to revisit the grandeur of times gone by. So, whether you are an ardent history buff, a researcher, or a curious traveler, the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization promises an unforgettable tryst with Egypt's distinctive historical panorama.